23 July 2010

Romanian Carpathians

Romanian Carpathians are part of the eastern sector of the Alpine mountain system, well individualized by the general direction of the main peaks, the altitude, the massive structure. Resistance to Russian Platform imposed at Carpathian training a northwest direction from north to south south easterly direction and then westward as Hercynic Dobrogea horst.

Carpathian average altitude is about 1000 m, height rarely exceeding 2500 m (Bucegi, Fagaras, Parang, Retezatului, Rodna). The Western Carpathians, heights frequently descend the slopes below 800 m (Foreign Moma Mountains, Forest Mountains, Banat, etc.). Width system Carpathian Mountains in Romania varies between 120 km (in Rodna) and 70 km (in the Parang Mountains).
Carpathians are characterized by the presence of numerous cross-mountainous valleys and total or partial (Danube, Jiu, Olt, Bistriţa River, Mureş River Quick, etc.). They have 204 million years old.
According to geomorphological and geological differences, Romanian Carpathians are divided into three main units morfotectonice:
I. Eastern Carpathians with three older groups and 40 mountain groups that are distinct morphological, geophysical and geographical:
* Maramures and Bucovina Carpathians
* Moldavian Carpathians Transylvania
* Curvature Carpathians
II. Southern Carpathians with four older groups, subdivided into 23 mountain groups that are geographically distinct:
* Bucegi Mountains
* Fagaras Mountains
* Parang Mountains
* Godeanu Retezat Mountains
III. Western Carpathians with three older groups, divided in turn into 18 morphologically distinct mountain groups, geophysical and geographical:
* Banat Mountains
* Poiana Rusca Mountains
* Apuseni Mountains.

Carpathian Mountains Part II

Carpathians were formed together with the entire Alpine system, the vast geosyncline of the Russian platform (the east), orogenetic caledono Hercynic (west) and African shield (the south). Since the Cretaceous, the formation of the Carpathians took place in several phases of uplifting movements, belonging orogenezei Alpine.
Gained relief appearance during the Quaternary current, growing on a mosaic of rocks (crystalline schists, volcanic rocks, magmatic and sedimentary rocks).
As in the Alps, Apennines and Scandinavian Mountains, the Carpathians, there are many areas with limestone and karst landforms, glacial relict landforms, structural and petrographic varied landscape.
The largest division is the Tatra Mountains.
Much of the Western Carpathians External western and northern Poland, Ukraine and Slovakia are traditionally appointed Beskids.
Geological boundary between the Western and the Eastern Carpathians, browse around the line (from south to north) between the towns Michalovce Bardejov Nowy Sacz Tarnów. The old paper was more to the east boundary line (from north to south) drawn from rivers and Osława Sanna (Poland) - Snina city (Slovakia) - Tur \ 'ia (Ukraine). Biologists, however, and moved east border.
Boundary between Eastern and Southern Carpathians is formed by Step Predeal, Brasov and Prahova Valley South.
Ukrainians use the term "Eastern Carpathians" only the Ukrainian Carpathians (or Wooded Carpathians), mainly in the area in their territory (until Prislop Pass), while the Romans used the term Eastern Carpathians (Eastern Carpathians) to refer the area extending from the border with Ukraine to the south.
In terms of climate, the Carpathians are part of the continental climate, with different shades because of their latitude, longitude and altitude.
One may speak of a mountain climate, characterized by altitudinal ratios, resulting in a decrease in temperature and precipitation increase as the altitude increases. Average annual temperature varies between 8 ° C in the foothills and 2 ° C on the highest peaks. Average annual rainfall varies between 750 mm and 2000 mm. At altitudes above 2000 m, rainfall is in most cases, the form of snow.
In the northern Baltic climate influences are felt in the western ocean, the climate influences from eastern Russian Plain (cold and dry winter), and the south Mediterranean.
The waters are very numerous. Major rivers and springs in the Carpathians are: Nitra, Hron, Tisza (with its aflienţii Bodo Somes, Cris and Mures), Jiu, Olt, Arges, Siret (with its tributaries of Moldova, Bistrita, Trotus, Putna, Ramnicu Salt and Buzau), Prut and Nistru.
The highest summits (particularly in north western Carpathians and the south eastern Carpathians), there are many glacial lakes. In addition to these lakes man, in most cases the lakes used for energy purposes.

22 July 2010

Archaeological discovery.

It discovered a prehistoric circular monument of Stonehenge ten times higher than.
The archaeological site is almost 4000 years old.
British archaeologists have started unearthing hidden mysteries major excavation of a prehistoric circular monument hidden below ground, about ten times larger than Stonehenge.
Marden called Heng, prehistoric structure of 4000 years old, in Wiltshire, covering a total area of 10.5 hectares, the equivalent of ten fields fotbail, the largest of the United Kingdom.
English Heritage has already conducted two years of polling activities and topography in the hope of identifying secrets behind the monument as he put the jar on among historians for centuries.

Chamois, Carpathian coat of arms

Steep ridges chamois protects wolves, but not by poachers.
I was Guţanu in Bucegi, in a place where the path to the slope creep among spruce stands, mountain pine and grassland, and so well camouflaged that no hunting, no hunting is not indifferent to me. Pack of wolves seemed close enough to manage the herd of black goats and I was wondering if and how can I prevent a massacre. For I must admit, though goat hunting by wolves is part of more settled order of nature, I found it difficult to remain completely neutral: chamois is one of my favorites since 1984 and have been involved with the monitoring, restocking and research devoted to this species. But the goats I have saved the dilemma: immediately jumped on a policy difficult to access, where watched with interest his efforts to climb walls wolves. The talented climber of the wolves managed to achieve the policy, but in that moment, several elegant leaps, goats climbed on a porch and more difficult to reach, just above it. Instead of a bloody undo curricula, too, and we've enjoyed the chamois of the Wolf comic show, which, leaving the loser, had great difficulties to fall back on the steep slippery. Earlier glaciaţiilor, Rupicapra Rupicapra - chamois of the Alps and the Carpathians - was already a distinct species because it is completely separated from relatives, chamois of the Pyrenees and Apennines.
When they took possession of mountain glaciers, could no longer feed the goats and fled to the plains, but there was competition with other large herbivores, were also more vulnerable to predators, so that, as glaciers have melted, they were returned on the rise. Hoof capable of great strength, chamois, with a remarkable technical rock climbing, and found a perfect refuge steep ridges of the Carpathians.
Although some wolves, bears and lynx in particular by failing to capture a goat on the wrong foot, steep mountain gaps to ensure a perfect protection. Chamois a needle with a noble figure, has become an almost heraldic symbol of the Carpathians. But here and its drama, what more perfect target for a weapon sight can only be deployed in the sky proud animal? Poachers were enemies of heraldry Carpathian goat.
By the 40s, when weapons were scattered and not too harsh law, the number dropped Chamois in Romania in 2000. Exclusion from the alpine pasture of goals and a strict arms control have made since 1980 to reach about 8500 numbers. After 1990, black goats were much depleted by poaching, especially as the proliferation of rifles. Chamois gone much further in some areas. Cave of ice Scărişoara speleologists Rupicapra have posted a skull, a sign that once lived in the Apuseni Mountains. Later, he disappeared from Ceahlau, Vrancea Mountains, Calimani. After 1970, the research team hunting the Forest Research Institute and began restocking the chamois-friendly resorts.
Most specimens were from displaced Retezat Bucegi and Fagaras Mountains Stone. After testing several methods of catching, he opted for nets. This ensures the lowest mortality. After immobilization and injection mandatory to avoid transportation stress relief, chamois forestry were held back until wooden cages and trucks quickly went to the place of restocking. In the '30s, black goats disappeared Pietrosul Rodnei area, shortly before, had a world record trophy. Starting from only 25 goats displaced Rodnei reached in 1990 to over 300.
Then spread poaching led to a new threshold population extinctions. The measures taken after 2000 halted this. In Hasmas, Ceahlau, Ciucaş, chamois are again part of the ecosystem, and Siriu, at 16 goats brought from Retezat Bucegi Mountains and stone, are now about 100. Silviu Chiriac researcher believes that a good result was Tişiţa Gorge Vrancea: here, it was displaced from 13 to 240 goats. "Limiting hunting and poaching have contributed to this success", he said. But the biggest populations are those of the Southern: about 1000 in the Bucegi and Piatra Mountains, between 3200 and 4000 in Fagaras, Parang River and, in about 2500 and Godeanu Retezat. Carpathian Chamois is the most valuable in the world. Five of the top 10 trophies worldwide chamois were collected in Bucegi. The current world record is held by a trophy species in Fagaras Mountains. GO TO TOP^

Carpathian Mountains, Part I

Carpathian Mountains are a mountain range belonging to the great central mountain system of Europe. Carpathian Basin caught between Vienna (which separates the Alpine chain) and lane Timok (which separates it from the Stara Planina Balkan Peninsula) forming an arc with a length of 1500 km and a maximum width of 130 km, taking place on 6 ° in latitude and longitude about 10 °. Covers the territory of seven countries: Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Ukraine, Romania and Serbia.
Carpathian mountains appears to be some medium or short, only a few areas exceeding 2000 m in altitude.
The highest peak of Carpathian chain is Gerlach Peak, 2655 m, the Tatra Mountains in Slovakia and in Romania is Moldoveanu Peak, with 2544 m, situated in the Fagaras Mountains of Southern Carpathians.
Unlike the Alps, the Carpathians have large mountainous and peaks in the form of large areas covered with grassland. Carpathians lies the biggest volcanic chain in Europe. Crystalline and eruptive rocks alongside a large extent have a sedimentary rock, which gives a prominent slopes.
Carpathian climate is continental, rainfall increased in relation to altitude and vegetation is arranged in floors (above the alpine meadows, coniferous forests and beech forests on lower slopes and heights). Carpathian mountains spring: the Vistula, Dniester, Tisza, Prut, Siret, Mures, Olt.
The name comes from the Gauls of the carp (Karpathos Horos), living in Moldova, Eastern Carpathians slopes, name, in turn, probably came from an Indo European word meaning stone.
Carpathians begin on the Danube near Bratislava. They surround Transcarpathia and Transylvania in a large semicircle, continue south east and ends at the Danube near Orsova, Romania. The total length of the Carpathians is 1500 km and width of the mountain chain varies between 12 km and 500 km. Greatest width of the Carpathians corresponds with the highest altitude. The mountain chain is the largest width in hilly basin of Transylvania and the Tatra Mountains (the greatest height of the Carpathians, with Gerlach know, which has 2655 m altitude, on the territory of Slovakia on the border with Poland. It covers an area 190 000 km2 and, after the Alps is the most extensive mountain range in Europe.
Although commonly referred to as a Carpathian mountain range, they really do not form an unbroken chain of mountains. Rather, it consists of several distinct geological groups, presenting a structural variety as the Alps. Carpathians, which only in rare places reach an altitude of 2500 m exhibits little rocky peaks, extensive snow-covered areas, lying glaciers, high waterfalls, or large lakes that are common in the Alps. No area of the Carpathian not snow all year and shows no glacier. Carpathians at their maximum altitude, but are as high as Central Eastern Alps, which divides an issue joint climate and flora.
Alps Carpathians are separated by the Danube. The two mountain ranges meet in one point: the Leitha Mountains at Bratislava. The river divides also Balkan Mountains Carpathians chain, to Orsova.


19 July 2010



Drivers in Bacau, in general strike

Drivers of public transport to Bacau company controlled by former mayor Dumitru Sechelariu mother, the general went on strike this morning due to a decrease wages and working hours change.
One NorthEast Public Transport Employees argue that wages have been reduced without reason. By solving the problem, people say that they will not return to work. In these circumstances, representatives Bacău Hall ordered public transport company working to resolve the conflict quickly.

"We can not intervene because it is a private matter. I took note of this issue and I ordered the management company to remedy the situation, because this is a public company", Ionut told us Tomescu spokesman institution.
The official said about three years, the company controlled by former first family has Dumitru Sechelariu competition in Bacau, Hall and attempts to organize a new tender for the awarding of city routes were blocked by prefecture. Also, Public Transport Company SA Bacau asked to subsidize subscriptions to supplement allocations awarded to social groups as retirees, or disabled veterans, but Tomescu Ionut says this is impossible.

"This year, we spent six million lei from the budget to subsidize the subscription of 14,000 pensioners. By April, the company management sought to supplement this amount, an unnatural thing", Ionut said Tomescu.
"We stayed like fools stations"

Bus drivers strike to cause problems Bacau. Although subscriptions, people can not travel by bus because the drivers had refused to have means of transportation out of basic car.

"The morning did not move anything, no car. We stayed like fools stations", Constantine says Paduraru, one băcăuanii who walk to work this morning.

"I did a lot of roads and stay with subscription money in his pocket and gave the taxi strike that they do", Gheorghe Barbu says another strike Bacau unhappy drivers.
Băcăuanii will not use public transport most likely until Monday, when the court could declare the strike illegal.

18 July 2010

Romania defeated by water. To how much time?

Authorities promise that will allow residents of Ceatalchioi building materials, to raise other homes. But only if the water is withdrawn from the village. That means in about three months after the findings of specialists. Too close for winter to start work in May. Until next year, in spring, if they could do something. Accommodate the victims in Tulcea fear of the authorities nor the second version: modular houses, constructed of wood, not too much help. First to repair broken dam the Danube, so as not to wake again take the waters. For nearly 100 people in total flooded area left the situation is even worse. There have packed on a piece of intact dam water or sleep on chairs, the ship Mircesti. Not a day passes without care physicians to be called to many elders, all heart. Virtually dozens of people living on a boat and get only canned food, bread and biscuits. Are older people who do not have anyone in the world. I like it enough to have appeared Ceatalchioi profiteers. Those who know that people have nowhere to keep animals in May and priced to buy anything. Authorities were able to remove only half the animals from local stables.


Tornado in Russia

Residents of nearby suburbs of Saint Petersburg have been witnessing an extreme weather phenomenon: a tornado, which killed in the way they did.
A car was damaged after it was built on the road, air, strong winds and thrown in a parking lot. Meteorologists say the phenomenon is explained by a tropical heatwave that has mastered the home for more than two week's St. Petersburg.


Flood on the Prut River

Roman warns that flood waters from Ukraine will spread these hours on the Prut River Prut Radauti Oroftiana sector, the station Radauti Prut, attention has already been overfished. Currently, families are evacuated from Radauti Prut preventive remained flooded area after the 2008 flood.
Prut level, the station Chernovtsy, Ukraine area, is currently in decline. Oroftiana station, Prut record level of 790 cm and 140 cm above the danger level and trend growth is easy. Oroftiana share forecast station is 810 cm against 860 cm, as was recorded in 2008.
"Formed by the Prut River flood will be mitigated accumulation Rock Costesti accumulation performed very well from a technical standpoint, the earlier floods during transit (with maximum flow of 1750 cm / s, 2020 m / s and 2170 m / s, starting June 22). Currently, the rate Costesti Rock lake is constant for three hours and is ready to take the extra volume of flood coming from upstream. Reserve in the lake is about 250 million cubic meters. water and exhaust flow is 830 cm / s and will remain steady in the near future. Downstream dams ensure safe transit flow from the accumulation evacuate Costesti Rock", says the communique ANAR.
Hydrology established, Friday morning, code red Prut river flooding, the sector Orftiana Radauti Prut (Botosani), starting Friday, thus extending the warning issued after a day, which was valid for the downstream sector Falciu Rock for counties Botosani, Iasi and Vaslui Sivita sector and on the Prut River Danube.

Danube dam broke at Ceatalchioi, Tulcea.

Dam safety in which to invest one million euros last year succumbed to pressure from Delta. Homes fell like cardboard boxes and dozens of families were evacuated. Latest information provided by authorities say that so far 60 people were evacuated by ship Mircesti, and another 60 people and left their homes voluntarily, while 25 families refused to leave now.
The intervention teams from ISU, the police and firefighters try to repair the hole in the dike that has resisted the Danube. 213 households from the existing 250 villages were affected by floods, that aroximativ 90% of the village. Today, this village is almost completely compromised.
Liviu Stoica, Tulcea gendarmerie spokesman said that people who do not want to leave have been informed of the risks, but can not be forced to leave their farms. 60 people have fled the plague to higher areas in the village, and 46 were taken directly stricken from Tulcea.
Dam in the village anymore Ceatalchioi once in spring 2006 and since then people have asked authorities for help in one's recovery. Would require 10 million dollars, a file for building strength at that time held the prefect who was depending on it, but the money eventually arrived there one million euros.
Problems continue for residents of this area of the country, as meteorologists issued a warning "code yellow" of rain and storms for the six counties of Baragan and Dobrogea. They are Galati, Braila, Ialomita, Calarasi, Constanta and Tulcea. The warning is valid until Saturday at 10.00.
In the six counties will be showers accompanied by lightning and strong wind-looking storm. The amount of water will exceed 25 30 L / m, and on small areas, especially in coastal area, 50 liters per square meter.
Torrential rains have already flooded and damage created Constanta since yesterday. In less than an hour on the water more cars covered streets and entering people's apartments.
On the other hand has no quiet northern Moldavia. Botosani already announced the evacuation of several villages, after a new flood forecast hydrological coming from Ukraine.

17 July 2010

Relaxation at aquarium


Black Sea

Black Sea shows certain features on the living conditions of organisms that distinguish it from other than the earth's surface.
The most important feature of the Black Sea is the existence of two overlapping layers of water:

- one surface of approximately 150 m deep, with a moderate concentration of salt;

- one of depth, which descends to the seabed, this layer is characterized by a high concentration of minerals.

* Coastal zone (which coincides with the continental platform), which descends to 180 m (it occupies one third of the sea surface);
* Pelagic zone, which contains masses of water in open sea;
* Abyssal zone, including deep sea (up to a maximum depth of 2245 m).

In each of these different creatures living areas.

* Water temperature varies seasonally (winter ashore, minimum down to 0 degrees C in summer reaches 27-29 degrees C); between winter and summer, vertical, there is a reversal of the seasons up to 75-100 m depth; the seabed, the temperature is around 7-9 degrees C;

* Light penetrates to 200 m deep; intensity decreases inversely with depth;
* Salinity is low, especially in the mouth of the Danube and beds built in deep water;
* Oxygenation of the water varies according to season and water depth: winter, bedding surface are saturated in oxygen, in 150-200 m, the oxygen is entirely absent, as solvit gas especially hydrogen sulphide;
* Record horizontal movement of water currents (parallel to shore and some others inside), vertical (thick water that winds of 180-200 m) and waves caused by wind (4-5 m height during storms).
* uni and multicellular plants; green algae are the surface and the brown and red to deep, long fixed substrate; strong waves often throw them on shore;

* animals: some are fixed by aquatic plants (worms, mollusks) or are buried in the substrate (turbot, flounder) or water table (jellyfish, guvizi, mackerels, large stall etc.). Many gulls flying over water.
AREA PELAGIA is characterized by a rich phytoplankton and zooplankton;
* Plants: Most are green algae;

* Pets: some are moved by sea currents (protozoa, crustaceans, jellyfish) and other active travel (horse mackerel, mackerels, anchovy); there are few mammals (dolphins and one species of seal).
AREA ABIS is devoid of life, are present only some sulfur bacteria or role in decomposition of organic matter resulting from dead bodies. In other large animals there and curious-looking abysmal light organ. They are adapted to high pressure from below, having passed through the pores or canicuri body, which balances the internal pressure of the external body (an abysmal over land suddenly snapped out immediately). The animal study from the Danube and Black Sea were occupied many biologists. Of them are famous Grigore Antipa Ion Borcea.

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Elena Udrea at floods.

Minister of Regional Development and Tourism, Elena Udrea, achieved real and important dimension of accountability measures politician after visiting villages affected by floods in Moldova.
"We can say that any picture film does not compare with the reality on the ground. There are people who lost everything in a moment. At that time than you do not realize how responsible are you as a politician and how important it is to take proper measures", Udrea wrote on the blog.
" One of the most important measure is investment in infrastructure in those areas prone to such natural disasters. I told them that the local authorities must make an assessment of damages, we must see what can be saved and must act now", continue politician. Even in times of crisis, Udrea think you can find money for infrastructure rehabilitation, and even mentions a few possible sources.
" Although Romania is a very difficult financial situation in front of such cataclysms, lack of money argument works too little. It takes will and solidarity. And there will shoulder and the European Union. Romania could receive 75 million euros from the European Union Solidarity Fund", Udrea said.
It argues that a good part of the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism funds will be directed towards rehabilitation works of roads and bridges in areas affected by floods.
" We decided that a good part of the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism funds to be directed to rehabilitation works of roads and bridges in areas affected by floods. This can be analyzed and homes taken by water and to what extent the ministry can effectively engage. Assures all affected by this plague that government will not let the izbeliste, it will almost", continue to minister.
"But solutions need not always expected", says Udrea: "As I said yesterday, but some things need to change to not go through such moments. The need for people to move homes neinundabile areas, to the use of better building materials or money to invest in infrastructure that prevents local authorities such disasters. Not always saving can come from Bucharest".